The purpose of chemical peels is to improve the skin that is damaged from the exposure to sunlight and the light wrinkles of the facial skin. After healing, the skin is lighter in color, tighter, smoother, and younger looking.
Chemical peels use a chemical solution to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin, by removing its damaged outer layers. It is helpful for those individuals with facial blemishes, wrinkles and uneven skin pigmentation. Chemical peels are especially useful for the fine wrinkles on cheeks, forehead, and around the eyes, and the vertical wrinkles around the mouth. The chemical solution can be applied to the entire face, or to a specific area -for example, around the mouth – sometimes in conjunction with a facelift.
All chemical peels carry some uncertainty and risk. Chemical peel is normally a safe procedure when it is performed by a qualified, experienced plastic surgeon. However, some unpredictability and risks such as infection and scarring, while infrequent, are possible.
There are three main types of peels:
Light peels are most commonly performed using alpha hydroxyacids. These are naturally occurring acids found in fruits and other foods. Alpha hydroxyacids have proven to be effective in treating dry skin, acne, liver or sun spots, diminishing fine facial wrinkles, decreasing pore size, and improving skin texture.
Light peels are usually performed in a series of six to eight, each peel two or three weeks apart. This type of peel leaves the skin with a red glow that only lasts for a day or so.
Medium peels are usually performed with trichloroacetic acid. These peels are performed once a week for four weeks. Medium peels have the same benefits as light peels and in addition remove fine wrinkles and precancerous skin lesions because of deeper penetration. Because of the fact that you are having a peel every week for four weeks, the redness and the discomfort is minimal and the patient can return to his work after a few hours, with only protection the use of sun block facial cream.
Deep peels with stronger chemicals get rid of large wrinkles and can have results as dramatic as a face-lift. This type of peel has a recovery time of one or two months. This peel is being done less since the introduction of laser resurfacing.
Dr A. Gaitanis will instruct you on how to prepare for your peel treatment and will give you also full instructions for your healing.